Key facts

  1. Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) kill 38 million people each year.

  2. Almost three-quarters of NCD deaths - 28 million - occur in low- and middle-income countries.

  3. Sixteen million NCD deaths occur before the age of 70; 82% of these "premature" deaths occurred in low- and middle-income countries.

  4. Cardiovascular diseases account for most NCD deaths, or 17.5 million people annually, followed by cancers (8.2 million), respiratory diseases (4 million), and diabetes (1.5 million).

  5. These 4 groups of diseases account for 82% of all NCD deaths.

  6. Tobacco use, physical inactivity, the harmful use of alcohol and unhealthy diets all increase the risk of dying from an NCD.

  7. To lessen the impact of NCDs on individuals and society, a comprehensive approach is needed that requires all sectors, including health, finance, foreign affairs, education, agriculture, planning and others, to work together to reduce the risks associated with NCDs, as well as promote the interventions to prevent and control them.

  8. An important way to reduce NCDs is to focus on lessening the risk factors associated with these diseases. Low-cost solutions exist to reduce the common modifiable risk factors (mainly tobacco use, unhealthy diet and physical inactivity, and the harmful use of alcohol) and map the epidemic of NCDs and their risk factors.

  9. Other ways to reduce NCDs are high impact essential NCD interventions that can be delivered through a primary health-care approach to strengthening early detection and timely treatment. Evidence shows that such interventions are excellent economic investments because, if applied to patients early, can reduce the need for more expensive treatment. These measures can be implemented in various resource levels. The greatest impact can be achieved by creating healthy public policies that promote NCD prevention and control and reorienting health systems to address the needs of people with such diseases.

  10. Lower-income countries generally have a lower capacity for the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases.

Skills Development Workshops include:

  1. Understanding Cardiovascular Risk Management: Improving Diagnosis, Treatment, Management, and Outcomes
  2. Diabetes: Improving Diagnosis, Treatment, Management and Outcomes
  3. Respiratory Disease and Health Outcomes


To upskill Primary Care practitioners(Nurses and GP’s) with transferable knowledge targeted at improving outcomes for NCD’s such as Hypertension, Diabetes, Dyslipidemia, Asthma and COPD Scarcity of Super Specialists in Africa require a more intensive approach at a Primary Care level and is now a priority in improving Health outcomes especially in low and middle income countries